Step 1: Anesthesia
You are given medications for your well-being during the surgical procedure. Options available include intravenous sedatives and general anesthesia. Your doctor will recommend the best one for you.
Step 2: The incision
Nose surgery can be performed using a closed procedure, in which the incisions are hidden inside the nose, or an open procedure, in which an incision is made along the columella, which is the narrow strip of tissue that separates the nostrils.
Step 3: New shape for the nose structure
Fragments of septum cartilage, the division in the middle of the nose, are usually used for this. Occasionally a fragment of cartilage is taken from the ear and, very rarely, a section of rib cartilage.
Step 4: Correction of a deviated septum
If the nasal septum deviates, it straightens at this time, and the internal protrusions of the nose are reduced to improve breathing.
Step 5: Closing the incision
Once the structure of the nose has been sculpted to the desired shape, the skin and nasal tissue are put back in place, and the incisions are closed. Additional incisions can be made in the natural folds of the nostrils to resize it.
Step 6: See the results
The nose will probably be supported by splints and internal tubes in the first stage of healing, for about a week. Although the initial swelling subsides in a few weeks, it can take up to a year for your new nasal contour to be definitively cleansed. During this period, you will notice gradual changes in the appearance of your nose as a more permanent result takes shape. The swelling can come and go and even get worse in the morning for the first year after surgery.
Nose surgery aimed at correcting a blocked nasal passage requires careful evaluation of the nasal structure due to its relationship to airflow and respiration. Correction of a deviated septum, one of the most common causes of respiratory distress, is accomplished by adjusting the nasal structure so that it is better aligned.